waec 2018 literature in English prose questions
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Answer one question only from this section
Amma Darko: Faceless
(1) – Explain kabira’s presense in the hairdressing saloon at agbogbloshie.
(2) – Comment on the significance of Sodom and Gomorrah IN the novel.
Bayo Adebowale: Lonely days
(3) – “No woman’s life is ever complete without a man”. How is this applicable to Yaremi IN the novel?
(4) – Examine the author’s narrative technique in the novel.
Answer one question each from this section.
Richard Wright: Native son
(5) – Discuss the role of the black clergy IN the novel.
(6) – What have you learned about black life from the conversation between Bigger and Gus at the entrance to the pool room.
Horace Walpole: The castle of otranto
(7) – Comment on the significance of Conrad’s death in the novel.
(8) – Examine the relationship between Manfred and Hippolita
Faceless begins in a slum cynically christened Sodom and Gomorrah with 14-year-old Fofo narrowly escaping rape by Poison, a Street Lord and local thug. She flees to her friend Odarley where we learn that Poison controls even the shared toilets and that Fofo is constipated because all she’s had to eat is bread. The scene then shifts abruptly to the middle-class life of Kabria, a good-hearted researcher for MUTE, an NGO which is a repository for alternate stories not found in books. Kabria is harassed by her demanding children and a bone-idle husband who expects his wife to wait on him even though she is in full time work as well. (Gender relations has been a theme in many of the recent African novels I’ve read).
When Kabria and Fofo cross paths, the young girl’s back story is gradually revealed. Like her older sister Baby T., she is cast out to fend for herself by her feckless mother Maa Tsuro, and like Baby T. she becomes a prostitute. Baby T. was found brutally murdered in the marketplace in another Accra slum called Agbogbloshie, and would have become just another forgotten casualty of slum life were it not for Kabria and her friend Dina at MUTE. They enlist the help of Sylv from a community radio station, and together they confront the shocking truth about Baby T.’s short life.
No women life is ever completed in the sense that the the widowhood and loneliness of Yaremi felt so much pain dew to the following reasons.
i) Widowhood or The
plight of widows
i) Widowhood or The
plight of widows: The theme of widowhood
is the novel’s central theme.
The widows in Lonely Days were subjected to pain and humiliation. The
of Yaremi, Dedewe, Fayoyin and Radeke are a
miscrosm of the plight of
widows in the larger
Nigerian society and in the African continent as a whole. The author condemns widow
remarriage and other
cultural practices that
subject widows to pain
ii) Loneliness: Another
important theme that
runs through the novel is
the theme of loneliness.
Yaremi was very lonely
and had to do most things by herself. For instance, she had to appeal to Uncle Deyo, Ajumobi’s friend to assist in mending her leaking roof and rebuilding the walls of her house.
iii) Humiliation: Yaremi
suffered humiliation from extended relations who accused her of killing her husband. Dedewe, Fayoyin and Radeke also suffered humiliation. For instance,
Dedewe was made to sit in a dark room by her
husband’s corpse while
Fayoyin’s hair was badly
Hardwork or Diligence: The theme of diligence is expressed by Yaremi’s industrious character. The author uses several anecdotes to encourage hardwork
Bigger Thomas, the protagonist of Native Son, by Richard Wright, expresses the role of a poor, uneducated black man. Bigger lived in a time where racism was very common in the society. Wright shows us through him, how bad the situation was. Due to his lack of education, Bigger had to work menial labor. Thus, he was forced to live in a one room apartment with his family. He felt trapped all his life, resenting, hating, and fearing the whites, whom he felt controlled his life. He views white people as a collective, overpowering force that tells him where to live, where to work, and what to do. The main focus of Wright?s novel is to show the effects of racism on one?s mind. Bigger has lived a life defined by the fear and anger he feels toward whites for as long as he can remember. Perhaps that is what leads him to do the crimes that he does.
Bigger develops the main action of the book when he kills Mary Dalton. In fact, it makes him feel as though his life actually has a meaning. He feels as if he has thereato assert himself against the whites. Wright does not try to show Bigger as a hero, because of his brutality and capacity for violence which is extremely disturbing, especially in the scene where he shoves Mary Dalton?s dead body in to the burning furnace in order to hide it. Wright?s main point is that Bigger becomes a brutal killer just because the dominant white culture fears that he will. By fearing whites, Bigger only contributes to the cycle of racism and fuels it even more. However, after meeting Max, he begins to redeem himself, actually recognizing whites as individuals for the first time in his life.
But the social injustice does not end there, after killing Mary Dalton, Bigger goes to Bessie, his girlfriend and tells her everything. Recognizing that Bessie might tell anyone, Bigger kills her too and is than arrested by the police. There, the injustice takes place. When Bigger was arrested, and
jailed, he received constant harassment. He only faced two choices, either to confess, or be lynched by the white crowed. Bigger knew deep down, that he was going to die anyhow. But Max, his lawyer, reminded him that he could still win the case and be free. Another example of the injustice is that when Bigger was eventually caught, the pubic and the media press automatically determine that he is guilty of not only killing Mary, but also rapping her before killing her.
Manfred, Prince of Otranto – an arrogant, unprincipled man who lives in the shadow of a curse
Hippolita, the wife of Manfred – a noble, virtuous and religious woman who loves her husband, although he does not deserve her love
Manfred becomes obsessed with finding and marrying Isabella. But, first, he must divorce Hippolita. She is a devout woman who will do as a priest asks her, so Manfred wants the priest, Jerome, to convince her to accept the divorce. Since Isabella has asked for shelter in the church until her father arrives, Jerome is well-aware of Manfred’s ill intent toward her. There is some confusion here – some believe the father is dead, but she believes he is alive.
Conrad – the son of Manfred and Hippolita, who dies at age 15
Matilda – the beautiful, sweet daughter of Manfred and Hippolita, who is 18.